Vocational outcome 6–15 years after a traumatic brain injury

J. Lexell, A. K. Whilney, L. J. Jacobsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Primary objective: To describe vocational outcome 6–15 years after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) among individuals who were productive by working or studying at the time of their TBI and determine associations with variables related to the time of injury and at follow-up. Methods and procedures: Thirty-four individuals with a mild TBI and 45 with a moderate-to-severe TBI were assessed on average 10 years post-injury. Logistic regression was used to determine the association between their current vocational situation and variables related to the time of injury (gender, age, injury severity and educational level) and at follow-up (time since injury, marital status and overall disability). Results: A total of 67% were productive at follow-up. Age at injury, injury severity and the degree of disability at follow-up were strongly associated with being productive. Younger individuals with milder TBI and less severe disability were significantly more likely to be fully productive. No significant associations were found between productivity and gender, education, time since injury or marital status. Conclusions: This study indicates that return to productivity in a long-term perspective after a TBI is possible, in particular when the individual is young, has sustained a mild TBI and has a milder form of overall disability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-974
JournalBrain Injury
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 2

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Other Health Sciences
  • Clinical Medicine

Free keywords

  • Brain injuries
  • employment
  • long-term outcome
  • occupations
  • rehabilitation
  • vocational


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