Web-based training intervention to increase physical activity level and improve health for adults with intellectual disability

S. Fjellstrom, E. Hansen, J. Hölttä, M. Zingmark, A. Nordström, M. Lund Ohlsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are less physically active, have a higher body mass index (BMI) and are at greater risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) than people without ID. The purpose of the study was to explore the effectiveness of a web-based training programme, consisting of 150 min of activity per week, on the health of people with ID. Method: Participants with ID living in supported accommodation (n = 28, 48% female, age = 36.4 ± 9.56 years) participated in a web-based training programme, consisting of a combination of exercises (endurance, strength balance and flexibility) of moderate intensity, 50 min, three times per week for 12 weeks. The body composition and waist circumference (WC) were measured, and questionnaires were used to assess enjoyment, quality of life (QoL) and physical activity (PA) level. Descriptive statistics and pairwise comparison pre and post intervention were carried out. Results: A total of 22 out of 28 participants completed the 12-week training intervention with 83% mean attendance of training sessions. The intensity of the PA level increased and a decrease in fat mass of 1.9 ± 2.4 kg, P < 0.001 and WC of 3 ± 5 cm, P = 0.009 were observed. Enjoyment of training sessions was 3.9 out of 5, and no differences in QoL were found. Conclusion: A web-based training programme is an effective tool for improving health parameters of people with ID and offers a new way for caregivers to enhance the PA for the target group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)967-977
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Intellectual Disability Research
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Sport and Fitness Sciences


  • e-training
  • health equity
  • health promotion
  • online training
  • physical activity
  • quality of life


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