What a corpus-based dictionary tells us about antonymy

Carita Paradis, Caroline Willners

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceedingResearchpeer-review

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This paper investigates the treatment of antonymy in Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner’s
English Dictionary (2003) in order to find out what kinds of headwords are provided with antonyms
as part of their definitions and also discusses the principles for antonym inclusion in the entries.
CCALED includes canonical antonyms such as good/bad and dead/alive, as well as more
contextually restricted pairings such as hot/mild and flat/fizzy. The vast majority of the antonymic
pairings in the dictionary are adjectives. Most of the antonyms are morphologically different from
the headwords they define and typically do not involve antonymic affixes such as non-, un- or -less.
Only just over one-third of the total number of pairs are given in both directions. The principles for
when antonyms are included in CCALED are not transparent to us.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings XII EURALEX International Congress
EditorsE. Corino, C. Maraello, C. Onesti
Publication statusPublished - 2006
EventEURALEX - Torino
Duration: 0001 Jan 2 → …


Period0001/01/02 → …

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Languages and Literature
  • General Language Studies and Linguistics


  • corpus-based methods
  • antonymy
  • lexicology


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