What is the role of CRP in glioblastoma?

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Abstract

Background: Glioblastoma is the most common primary malignant brain tumor in adults. Previous studies have suggested that CRP (C-reactive protein) could serve as a biomarker candidate as well as a prognostic factor in glioblastoma patients, and we here further investigate its potential role. Materials and methods: Publicly available datasets were used to compare gene expression between brain samples from glioblastoma patients and non-tumor tissue. The structure of CRP was compared between humans and rats. Glioblastoma cells from humans and rats were stained with anti-CRP. Fischer 344 rats were inoculated with syngeneic glioblastoma cells pre-coated with anti-CRP, and survival was monitored. CRP concentration in rats carrying glioblastoma was followed. Results: CRP was upregulated on one locus on gene level in glioblastoma tissue as compared to non-tumor brain tissue, but not in glioma stem cells as compared to neural stem cells. The structure of the CRP protein was a characteristic pentamer in both humans and rats. Both human and rat glioblastoma cells were clearly positive for anti-CRP staining. Pre-coating of glioblastoma cells with anti-CRP antibodies did not affect survival in rats with intracranial tumors. Serum levels of CRP increased during tumor progression but did not reach significantly different levels. Conclusions: Both human and rat glioblastoma cells could be stained with anti-CRP antibodies in vitro. In a syngeneic glioblastoma rat model we could see an increase in serum CRP during tumor progression, but coating glioblastoma cells with anti-CRP antibodies did not provide any survival change for the animals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100293
JournalCancer Treatment and Research Communications
Volume26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Cancer and Oncology

Keywords

  • C-reactive protein
  • CRP
  • Glioblastoma
  • High grade glioma

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