Whole gene family expression and drought stress regulation of aquaporins

Erik Alexandersson, Laure Fraysse, Sara Sjövall Larsen, Sofia Gustavsson, Maria Agemark, Maria Karlsson, Urban Johanson, Per Kjellbom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

372 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Since many aquaporins (AQPs) act as water channels, they are thought to play an important role in plant water relations. It is therefore of interest to study the expression patterns of AQP isoforms in order to further elucidate their involvement in plant water transport. We have monitored the expression patterns of all 35 Arabidopsis AQPs in leaves, roots and flowers by cDNA microarrays, specially designed for AQPs, and by quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase PCR (Q-RT-PCR). This showed that many AQPs are pre-dominantly expressed in either root or flower organs, whereas no AQP isoform seem to be leaf specific. Looking at the AQP subfamilies, most plasma membrane intrinsic proteins (PIPs) and some tonoplast intrinsic proteins (TIPs) have a high level of expression, while NOD26-like proteins (NIPs) are present at a much lower level. In addition, we show that PIP transcripts are generally down-regulated upon gradual drought stress in leaves, with the exception of AtPIP1;4 and AtPIP2;5, which are up-regulated. AtPIP2;6 and AtSIP1;1 are constitutively expressed and not significantly affected by the drought stress. The transcriptional down-regulation of PIP genes upon drought stress could also be observed on the protein level.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-484
JournalPlant Molecular Biology
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Biological Sciences

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