Windmill pn-sequence generators

B. J.M. Smeets, W. G. Chambers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A windmill generator is a high-speed sequence generator capable of producing blocks of v consecutive symbols in parallel. It consists of v feedback-shift registers linked into a ring. The sequences are identical to those produced by a linear feedback-shift register with feedback polynomial of the special ('windmill') form f(t) = α(tv) - tLβ(t-v), where α(t) and β(t) are polynomials of degree less than L/v. L (relatively prime to v) is the degree of the polynomial, and is also the sum of the lengths of the registers making up the windmill. The connections of the windmill generator are specified by the coefficients of α(t) and β(t). The polynomial f(t) must be primitive if the output sequence is to be of maximal period. We have devised a search for windmill polynomials over the binary field that can generate sequences of period 2L - 1 in blocks of size v = 4,8, and 16, for L ranging over the odd values from 7 to 127. When L = ±3 mod 8, no irreductible windmill polynomials were found. For the other odd values of L, primitive windmill polynomials seem to occur about twice as frequently as would be expected from probabilistic considerations, so that they are in fact very common. For such values of L, roughly 2/L of all windmill polynomials with given v appear to be primitive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-404
Number of pages4
JournalIEE Proceedings E: Computers and Digital Techniques
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1989

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Mathematical Analysis


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