Words that second language learners are likely to hear, read, and use

Douglas Davidson, Peter Indefrey, Marianne Gullberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, we explore whether multiple data sources may be more effective than single sources at predicting the words that language learners are likely to know. Second language researchers have hypothesized that there is a relationship between word frequency and the likelihood that words will be encountered or used by second language learners, but it is not yet clear how this relationship should be effectively measured. An analysis of word frequency measures showed that spoken language frequency alone may predict the occurrence of words in learner textbooks, but that multiple corpora as well as textbook status can improve predictions of learner usage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-146
JournalBilingualism: Language and Cognition
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015.
The record was previously connected to the following departments: Linguistics and Phonetics (015010003)

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • General Language Studies and Linguistics


  • second language acquisition
  • word frequency
  • method
  • corpus analysis


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