Work experiences, resources, and beliefs among vulnerable subgroups of mental health care users

Mona Eklund, Jan Ke Jansson, Lisa Eklund, Parvin Pooremamali, A. Birgitta Gunnarsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (SciVal)


BACKGROUND: People with mental illness may have difficulties related to work and employment, especially if they experience additional difficult life situations. OBJECTIVE: To explore how subgroups with mental illness and additional adversities perceived their situation with respect to work and employment prospects. METHODS: Three subgroups were included, exposed to an additional difficult life situation: i) psychosis interrupting their career development at young age (n = 46), ii) having a history of substance use disorder (SUD) (= 57) or iii) having recently immigrated (n = 39). They responded to questionnaires addressing sociodemographics, work-related factors, everyday activity, and well-being. A professional assessed their level of functioning and symptom severity. RESULTS: The young people with psychosis had a low education level, little work experience, the poorest worker role resources, and a low level of functioning, but a high quality of life. The SUD group had the fewest work experiences, were the least satisfied with work experiences, and had the lowest activity level, but had the least severe psychiatric symptoms. The immigrant group had severe psychiatric symptoms, but high ratings on work experiences, work resources, and activity level. CONCLUSIONS: Each group presented unique assets and limitations pertaining to work and employment, suggesting that they also needed unique support measures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-134
Number of pages10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Psychiatry
  • Occupational Therapy


  • immigrant
  • Psychosis
  • quality of life
  • satisfaction
  • substance use disorder


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