Neural transplantation holds promise for focal CNS repair. Owing to the shortage of human donor material, which is derived from aborted embryos, and ethical concerns over its use, animal donor tissue is now considered an appropriate alternative. In the USA, individuals suffering from Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, focal epilepsy or stroke have already received neural grafts from pig embryos. However, in animal models, neural tissue transplanted between species is usually promptly rejected, even when implanted in the brain. Some of the immunological mechanisms that underlie neural xenograft rejection have recently been elucidated, but others remain to be determined and controlled before individuals with neurological disorders can benefit from xenotransplantation.
Subject classification (UKÄ)
- Brain Tissue Transplantation
- Central Nervous System
- Transplantation, Heterologous
- Journal Article