Your Very Helpful Brain in Action : Immediate Disruptions of the Reading Process and Lingering Effects of Error Correction

Alexander Strukelj, Richard Andersson, Carita Paradis

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper, not in proceedingpeer-review


Two eye-tracking experiments were carried out to examine the effects of eye movements in relation to the detection and non-detection of contextually congruent and incongruent antonyms such as high–low, good–bad.
Experiment 1: First fixation durations on the incongruent word (p<0.01) were significantly shorter than for congruent words for detected incongruities, suggesting that language processing might be instantly interrupted by detection of antonymic incongruities. For undetected incongruities, significantly more revisits to the incongruent word were found (p<0.03).
Experiment 2: For undetected incongruities, significantly increased dwell times (p<0.001) and more revisits to the incongruous word (p<0.001) were found. Also, significantly increased text reading times (p<0.02) and decreased first-pass reading times on the sentence after the incongruity (p<0.01) were found. This suggests that an incorrect parse was corrected without conscious involvement from the reader, with effects of this unconscious error correction evidenced in lingering effects during subsequent reading.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusUnpublished - 2014
EventConceptual Structure, Discourse, and Language (CSDL 12) - University of California, Santa Barbara, California, United States
Duration: 2014 Nov 42014 Nov 6


ConferenceConceptual Structure, Discourse, and Language (CSDL 12)
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityUniversity of California, Santa Barbara, California

Bibliographical note

Subject classification (UKÄ)

  • Languages and Literature


  • antonyms
  • eye-tracking
  • garden path linger
  • Good Enough approach
  • shallow processing
  • semantic illusions
  • unconscious error correction
  • undetected incongruities


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