Jayeon LindelleePh.D., Research coordinator, Senior Lecturer, Associate Professor, Doctor of PhilosophyFormer name: Jayeon Lee
Research areas and keywords
UKÄ subject classification
- Social Sciences
- Social Policy, Unemployment protection, Nordic welfare state, Trade unions, Sustainable welfare, Civil society, EU's social policy
have a broad research interest in social policy and the welfare states’ changes. More concretely I am interested in the changing role that social insurances play for those who are in need of social protection. I am interested in exploring what the welfare states actually do and therefore social policy’s outcomes, not only studying institutional changes themselves. I am also interested in the EU's social policy and the topic of sustainable welfare.
I publicly defended my doctoral dissertation in 2018 with the title "Beyond retrenchment. Multi-pillarization of Swedish unemployment benefit provision".
The unemployed in Sweden today is to relate to several kinds of benefit schemes. Apart from the public unemployment insurance program, different labor market sectors are covered by different complementary benefit arrangements regulated by the collective agreements between the employers’ and unions’ peak organizations. They have existed since the 1970s but recently further expanded in its scope. Besides this occupational welfare arrangement there are complementary income insurances that the majority of the labor unions provide for their members, covering around 3 million workers today. They are to top-up the benefit from the public unemployment insurance program or prolong the benefit payment period. The complementary income insurance first appeared in the late 1990s and expanded quickly during the last fifteen years. While the union-provided, group-based income insurances dominate the market, there are also private income insurances operating upon the risk assessment and premium setting practice on the individual level.
As the public unemployment insurance program has retrenched in terms of benefit generosity and recipiency rate (de facto coverage), the role of the occupational and private (collective and personal) pillars becomes more important. Without launching a sweeping statutory institutional reform, the division of responsibility over income protection for the unemployed has been therefore redefined between the state, unions, individuals and market actors - which has implications for the outcomes of unemployment protection.
Theoretically, this dissertation accounts for the changes and outcomes of the unemployment benefit provision system in Sweden through a multi-pillar perspective. Compared to the regime perspective, which tends to emphasize the stability of the Nordic model, the pillar perspective helps us analyze the changes despite the relatively stable institutional arrangements for the public unemployment insurance program in Sweden, by highlighting the new roles and distributive logics of the newer loci of the unemployment benefit provision system.
Empirically, the dissertation provides a comprehensive overview of the different pillars of the Swedish unemployment benefit provision system today and discusses the interactions between the pillars as well as the distributive implications of the system. Moreover, the dissertation further explores the outcome of multi-pillarization through a survey-based benefit recipiency study targeting the retail sector unemployed.
The results highlight that in spite of the institutionalization of both the occupational and private pillars formally achieving a comprehensive coverage for the large part of the working population, in practice there are different barriers and mechanisms leading to certain groups of individuals becoming dis-entitled from the institutionalized employment protection and turning to a range of personal solutions in coping with income loss upon unemployment. This gap between the output-level of multi-pillarization and the outcome of the Swedish unemployment benefit provision system can be accounted by the specific path to the multi-pillarization which has strongly been shaped by the institutional legacies of the Ghent system as well as the labor market development which has been characterized by dualization tendency.
Before I started my postgraduate study and during the first years as a PhD candidate I participated in a research project about Europeanization and the civil society. My research within the project together with professor Håkan Johansson dealt with how the civil society organizations working with social issues at the EU level guarantee representation of their members and causes, as well as how the relations between the central civil society organizations at the field are structured and what role the EU institutions play in that dynamic. I have a continued interest in the EU’s social dimension and the social policy that are driven at the EU level. Currently I also work as a research coordinator for an interdisciplinary research program about civil society elites.
I teach in a graduate level course Social Policy in Europe where I lecture about privatization in welfare services and social insurances and about the topic of sustainable welfare. I lead seminars, supervize and examine students' course papers (in English).
I also teach in following undergraduate courses: Kunskapsproduktion i socialt arbete (Knowledge production in Social Work); Socialt arbete som ämne och profession (Social work as subject and profession); Samhällsvetenskap och socialt arbete (Social sciences and social work) (in Swedish).
Recent research outputs
Research output: Thesis › Doctoral Thesis (compilation)
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Book chapter