Defiant Servitude: Consuls and free agents in Ottoman North Africa and the Levant, 1710-1770

Project: DissertationIndividual research project


This thesis examines and analyses the agency and various relations of consuls in Swedish service active along the Ottoman Mediterranean frontier in the first three quarters of the 18th century. Although the Mediterranean has been considered geographically, commercially and politically important during the early modern period, there are to date little scholarly research on the consuls themselves, especially during the formative period of the Scandinavian consular systems. The study is done by plotting, juxtaposing and analysing the independency of consuls and their relations as well as the responsive mechanisms exercised for or against various forms of increased state and/or chartered company ordained prerogatives. By employing an agency-based approach, the study will challenge prevailing state centred models of explanation, e.g. on the driving forces of commercial expansion, state formation and the evolution of consular systems. The analysis will make visible the consuls’ and associated agents’ activities that have remained undisclosed due to the methodological nationalism in the field and display that the circulation of people, so particular to the 18th century and the Mediterranean, also affected macro-level contexts in Sweden and the Mediterranean through the extensive room for manoeuvre exercised among the consuls.
Effective start/end date2015/09/012020/12/31


Related projects

Gustaf Fryksén, Joachim Östlund, Adnen el Ghali & Emil Kaukonen

2009/04/01 → …

Project: NetworkInternal collaboration (LU), International collaboration

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Related research output

Gustaf Fryksén & Mathieu Grenet (Translator), 2017 May, De l’utilité commerciale des consuls. L’institution consulaire et les marchands dans le monde méditerranéen (XVIIe-XXe siècle). Bartolomei, A., Ulbert, J. & Calafat, G. (eds.). Rome-Madrid: Casa de Velázquez-EFR

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter

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Related activities

Fryksén, G. (Host)
2016 May 16

Activity: Hosting a visitor

Fryksén, G. (Speaker)
2015 Sep 21

Activity: Talk or presentationPresentation

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