Negative emissions and the politics of a projected future: Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS), political economy, and the responsibilisation of climate research

Project: ResearchIndividual research project

Research areas and keywords

UKÄ subject classification

  • Climate Research

Keywords

  • Negative emissions, Carbon, Bioenergy, Climate research

Description

IPCC scenarios suggest a need for the large-scale use of negative emission technologies to meet the objectives of the Paris Agreement. Models project that Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) will deliver these future negative emissions, but significant concerns and uncertainties exist about its feasibility. This project aims to bring social science perspectives and insights to the center of
the debate on BECCS and negative emission pathways more generally. It seeks to study the socioeconomic and political dimensions of model-based climate research by combining 1) a reconstructive analysis of the history of BECCS in models with 2) a political economic analysis of BECCS-related policy and practice and 3) a participatory engagement with modelers, scientists and policy makers. In doing so we ask to what extent models perform BECCS as a feasible mitigation option, what the implications of this (non)performativity are for the role of modeling in climate policy, and how closer attention to political and social analysis can help inform alternative mitigation scenarios.

The project employs mixed qualitative methods and a theoretical approach that combines political economy with insights from science and technology studies. Our main contribution lies in the ambition to advance a more interdisciplinary research agenda on emission reduction pathways and therewith involve the social sciences more closely in debates on how to meet the Paris Agreement.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date2018/12/012023/11/30

Participants

Related research output

Wim Carton, 2020 Nov 1, (Accepted/In press) Has it Come to This? The Promises and Perils of Geoengineering on the Brink. Sapinski, JP., Buck, H. J. & Malm, A. (eds.). Rutgers University Press

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapter

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