101 Women's patterns of daily occupations. Characteristics and realtionships to health and well-being

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)


This thesis investigated the concept of balance in daily occupations. The overarching aim was to explore women’s patterns of everyday occupations and to investigate relationships between different aspects of patterns of daily occupations and health and well-being. The participants were working, cohabitant women with pre-school children. The methods used focused on exploring patterns of daily occupations and assessing sociodemographic aspects, self-rated health, and well-being. The results imply methodological development for documenting patterns of daily occupations, measuring occupation-related experiences associated with daily occupations, and categorising patterns of daily occupations according to complexity. This thesis identified the building blocks of patterns of daily occupations as main, hidden and unexpected occupations. Women’s hassling experiences associated with daily occupations were generated mainly by the social environment and their uplifting experiences resulted primarily from performing occupations. Moreover, typical patterns of daily occupations with respect to complexity were identified, and relationships of complexity in patterns of daily occupations to health and well-being were investigated. The result indicated that more hassles in combination with low control and high complexity in pattern of daily occupations mean an increased risk of experiencing low health and well-being.

The findings contribute to the knowledge base of occupational science by further illuminating the concept of pattern of daily occupations: its constituents and its complexity. The results contribute to research on women’s total workload in relation to a sense of well-being and give implications for occupational therapy intervention for people who have taken ill due to imbalance in their pattern of daily occupations.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Occupational Therapy


  • industrial medicine, Yrkesmedicin, arbetsmiljömedicin, Occupational health, pattern of occupations, occupational science, occupational therapy, women's health
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Assistant supervisor
  • [unknown], [unknown], Supervisor, External person
Award date2003 Dec 18
  • Avd. för arbetsterapi, Box 157, 221 00 Lund, www.arb.lu.se,
Print ISBNs91-974281-4-0
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

Defence details Date: 2003-12-18 Time: 10:15 Place: Vårdvetenskapenshus External reviewer(s) Name: Henriksson, Chris Title: Docent Affiliation: Hälsouniversitetet INR; Linköping --- Article: I. Erlandsson, L.-K., & Eklund, M. (2001). Describing patterns of daily occupations – A methodological study comparing data from four different methods. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 8(1), 31–39. Article: II. Erlandsson, L.-K., & Eklund, M. (2003). Women’s experiences of hassles and uplifts in their everyday patterns of occupations. Occupational Therapy International, 10, 95–114. Article: III. Erlandsson, L.-K., & Eklund, M. (in press). The relationships of hassles and uplifts to experience of health in working women. Women & Health. Article: IV. Erlandsson, L.-K., Rögnvaldsson, T., & Eklund, M. (in press). Recognition of similarities (ROS): A methodological approach to analysing and characterising patterns of daily occupations. Journal of Occupational Science. Article: V. Erlandsson, L.-K., & Eklund, M. (2003). Levels of complexity in patterns of daily occupations in relation to women’s well-being and lifestyle. Manuscript submitted for publication. The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Division of Occupational Therapy (Closed 2012) (013025000)