18 F-Flortaucipir in TDP-43 associated frontotemporal dementia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Retention of 18 F-Flortaucipir is reportedly increased in the semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia (svPPA), which is dominated by TDP-43 pathology. However, it is unclear if 18 F-Flortaucipir is also increased in other TDP-43 diseases, such as bvFTD caused by a C9orf72 gene mutation. We therefore recruited six C9orf72 expansion carriers, six svPPA patients, and 54 healthy controls. All underwent 18 F-Flortaucipir PET and MRI scanning. Data from 39 Alzheimer’s Disease patients were used for comparison. PET tracer retention was assessed both at the region-of-interest (ROI) and at the voxel-level. Further, autoradiography using 3 H-Flortaucipir was performed. SvPPA patients exhibited higher 18 F-Flortaucipir retention in the lateral temporal cortex bilaterally according to ROI- and voxel-based analyses. In C9orf72 patients, 18 F-Flortaucipir binding was slightly increased in the inferior frontal lobes in the ROI based analysis, but these results were not replicated in the voxel-based analysis. Autoradiography did not show specific binding in svPPA cases or in C9orf72-mutation carriers. In conclusion, temporal lobe 18 F-Flortaucipir retention was observed in some cases of svPPA, but the uptake was of a lower magnitude compared to AD dementia. C9orf72-mutation carriers exhibited none or limited 18 F-Flortaucipir retention, indicating that 18 F-Flortaucipir binding in TDP-43 proteinopathies is not a general TDP-43 related phenomenon.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Erasmus University Medical Center
  • F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurosciences
Original languageEnglish
Article number6082
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr 15
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes