A Bio-Economic Model of Community Incentives for Wildlife Management Under CAMPFIRE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper formulates a bio-economic model to analyze community incentives for wildlife management under benefit-sharing programs like the Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE) in Zimbabwe. Three agents influence the wildlife stock: a parks agency determines hunting quotas, outside poachers hunt illegally, and a local community may choose to protect wildlife by discouraging poaching. Wildlife generates revenues from hunting licenses and tourism; it also intrudes on local agriculture. We consider two benefit-sharing regimes: shares of wildlife tourism rents and shares of hunting licenses. Resource sharing does not necessarily improve community welfare or incentives for wildlife conservation. Results depend on the exact design of the benefit shares, the size of the benefits compared with agricultural losses, and the way in which the parks agency manages hunting quotas.


  • C Fischer
  • E Muchapondwa
  • T Sterner
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Earth and Related Environmental Sciences


  • Bio-economics, Benefit sharing, CAMPFIRE, Conservation, Elephants, Hunting quotas, Poaching, Renewable resources, Wildlife
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-319
JournalEnvironmental and Resource Economics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication categoryResearch
Externally publishedYes