A Chelating Agent - Activated Carbon - PIXE Procedure for Sub-ppb Analysis of Trace Elements in Water

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


By combining suitable water preconcentration techniques and Particle-Induced X-ray Emission analysis (PIXE), we have developed a procedure for multielemental sub-ppb water analysis. The preconcentration step consists of adsorbing the metals in the form of organic chelates onto activated carbon, which is pressed to a tablet and then analysed by PIXE. For very low concentrations and small volumes of water, a “mini-tablet” technique of sample preparation is employed. The versatility of the chelating-adsorption-PIXE procedure is demonstrated for several different kinds of water.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Subatomic Physics
  • Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics


  • PIXE, trace element analysis, water
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-226
JournalNuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors, and Associated Equipment
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 1981
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology (011025002), Nuclear Physics (Faculty of Technology) (011013007)