A coding IRAK2 variant compromises TLR signaling and is associated with colorectal cancer survival.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Within innate immune signaling pathways, Interleukin-1 receptor (IL-1R&)-associated kinases (IRAKs) fulfill key roles downstream of multiple Toll-like receptors (TLR) and the IL-1R. Whereas human IRAK4-deficiency was shown to lead to severe immunodeficiency in response to pyogenic bacterial infection during childhood, little is known about the role of human IRAK2. We here identified a non-synonymous IRAK2 variant, rs35060588 (coding R214G), as hypofunctional in terms of NF-κB signaling and TLR-mediated cytokine induction. This was due to reduced ubiquitination of TRAF6, a key step in signal transduction. IRAK2 rs35060588 occurs in 3-9% of individuals in different ethnic groups and our studies uncovered a significant genetic association of rs35060588 with colorectal cancer survival. This for the first time firmly implicates human IRAK2 in human disease and highlights the R214G IRAK2 variant as a potential novel and broadly applicable biomarker for disease or as a therapeutic intervention point.


  • Hui Wang
  • Sinead M Flannery
  • Sabine Dickhöfer
  • Stefanie Huhn
  • Julie George
  • Andriy V Kubarenko
  • Jesus Lascorz
  • Melanie Bevier
  • Joschka Willemsen
  • Tica Pichulik
  • Clemens Schafmayer
  • Marco Binder
  • Benedicte Manoury
  • Søren R Paludan
  • Marta Alarcon Riquelme
  • Andrew G Bowie
  • Asta Försti
  • Alexander N R Weber
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23123-23131
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number33
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch