A comparative study on borehole heat exchanger size for direct ground coupled cooling systems using active chilled beams and TABS
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Direct ground cooling is a method for cooling buildings whereby free cooling is provided by circulating water through borehole heat exchangers (BHEs). Since no refrigeration cooling is involved, supply water temperature to the building's cooling system is dependent mainly on BHE sizing. This study investigates the sizing of BHEs for direct ground cooling systems, with a particular focus on the influence of terminal unit types and their operating strategies. Experimental results using a direct ground-coupled active chilled beam (ACB) system are used to develop a simulation model for an office building. The model is also modified for thermally activated building systems (TABS). The simulation results show that using TABS instead of ACBs for a similar BHE reduced the ground peak hourly loads, resulting in a lower borehole outlet temperature. Resizing BHE depth to reach similar maximum borehole outlet temperatures according to the actual heat extraction rate from the cooling systems resulted in a significantly shorter BHE depth with TABS compared to ACBs. However, indoor temperature was generally warmer with TABS, due to their slower heat extraction rate from the room. The findings are practical for analysing the design and operation of BHEs for different types of terminal units.
|Research areas and keywords||
Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Energy and Buildings|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Jun 1|