A comparison between simultaneous saccharification and fermentation and separate hydrolysis and fermentation using steam-pretreated corn stover

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Two different process configurations, simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) and separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF), were compared, at 8% water-insoluble solids (WIS), regarding ethanol production from steam-pretreated corn stover. The enzymatic loading in these experiments was 10 FPU/g WIS and the yeast concentration in SSF was 1 g/L (dry weight) of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain. When the whole slurry from the pretreatment stage was used as it was, diluted to 8% WIS with water and pH adjusted, SSF gave a 13% higher overall ethanol yield than SHF (72.4% versus 59.1% of the theoretical). The impact of the inhibitory compounds in the liquid fraction of the pretreated slurry was shown to affect SSF and SHF in different ways. The overall ethanol yield (based on the untreated raw material) decreased when SSF was run in absence on inhibitors compared to SSF with inhibitors present. On the contrary, the presence of inhibitors decreased the overall ethanol yield in the case of SHF. However, the SHF yield achieves in the absence of inhibitors was still lower than the SSF yield achieves with inhibitors present. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Karin Öhgren
  • Renata Bura
  • Gary Lesnicki
  • Jack Saddler
  • Guido Zacchi
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Chemical Engineering


  • ethanol production, SHF, steam pretreatment, SSF, SO2, corn stover, ethanol concentration
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)834-839
JournalProcess Biochemistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Publication categoryResearch