A comparison of DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for gambling disorder in a large clinical sample

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A comparison of DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for gambling disorder in a large clinical sample. / Jiménez-Murcia, Susana; Granero, Roser; Fernandez-Aranda, Fernando; Sauvaget, Anne; Fransson, Andreas; Hakansson, Anders; Mestre-Bach, Gemma; Steward, Trevor; Stinchfield, Randy; Moragas, Laura; Aymamí, Neus; Gómez-Peña, Mónica; Pino-Gutierrez, Amparo Del; Aguera, Zaida; Alcazar, Marta Baño; Talón-Navarro, Maria Teresa; Fuentes, Àngel C.; Codina, Ester; Menchon, Jose M.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 10, No. APR, 931, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Jiménez-Murcia, S, Granero, R, Fernandez-Aranda, F, Sauvaget, A, Fransson, A, Hakansson, A, Mestre-Bach, G, Steward, T, Stinchfield, R, Moragas, L, Aymamí, N, Gómez-Peña, M, Pino-Gutierrez, AD, Aguera, Z, Alcazar, MB, Talón-Navarro, MT, Fuentes, ÀC, Codina, E & Menchon, JM 2019, 'A comparison of DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for gambling disorder in a large clinical sample', Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 10, no. APR, 931. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00931

APA

Jiménez-Murcia, S., Granero, R., Fernandez-Aranda, F., Sauvaget, A., Fransson, A., Hakansson, A., ... Menchon, J. M. (2019). A comparison of DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for gambling disorder in a large clinical sample. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(APR), [931]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00931

CBE

Jiménez-Murcia S, Granero R, Fernandez-Aranda F, Sauvaget A, Fransson A, Hakansson A, Mestre-Bach G, Steward T, Stinchfield R, Moragas L, Aymamí N, Gómez-Peña M, Pino-Gutierrez AD, Aguera Z, Alcazar MB, Talón-Navarro MT, Fuentes ÀC, Codina E, Menchon JM. 2019. A comparison of DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for gambling disorder in a large clinical sample. Frontiers in Psychology. 10(APR). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00931

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Jiménez-Murcia, Susana ; Granero, Roser ; Fernandez-Aranda, Fernando ; Sauvaget, Anne ; Fransson, Andreas ; Hakansson, Anders ; Mestre-Bach, Gemma ; Steward, Trevor ; Stinchfield, Randy ; Moragas, Laura ; Aymamí, Neus ; Gómez-Peña, Mónica ; Pino-Gutierrez, Amparo Del ; Aguera, Zaida ; Alcazar, Marta Baño ; Talón-Navarro, Maria Teresa ; Fuentes, Àngel C. ; Codina, Ester ; Menchon, Jose M. / A comparison of DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for gambling disorder in a large clinical sample. In: Frontiers in Psychology. 2019 ; Vol. 10, No. APR.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comparison of DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for gambling disorder in a large clinical sample

AU - Jiménez-Murcia, Susana

AU - Granero, Roser

AU - Fernandez-Aranda, Fernando

AU - Sauvaget, Anne

AU - Fransson, Andreas

AU - Hakansson, Anders

AU - Mestre-Bach, Gemma

AU - Steward, Trevor

AU - Stinchfield, Randy

AU - Moragas, Laura

AU - Aymamí, Neus

AU - Gómez-Peña, Mónica

AU - Pino-Gutierrez, Amparo Del

AU - Aguera, Zaida

AU - Alcazar, Marta Baño

AU - Talón-Navarro, Maria Teresa

AU - Fuentes, Àngel C.

AU - Codina, Ester

AU - Menchon, Jose M.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background and aims: Gambling-related crimes are known to be associated with gambling disorder (GD). Due to a lack of consensus in the scientific community regarding the relevance of this diagnostic criterion, it was removed from the DSM-5. The primary aim of this study was to investigate through structural equation modeling (SEM) whether higher GD severity in treatment-seeking GD patients with a criminal record is mediated through the illegal acts criterion itself, or whether it can be better explained by other related clinical factors. Methods: An initial sample of 2,081 patients seeking treatment for gambling problems was included in the sample. SEM was used to evaluate the mediational role of the illegal acts criterion between the sex, age and personality traits, gambling severity, and comorbid depression levels. Comparisons between patients with coinciding and divergent DSM criterion for GD diagnosis were carried out. Results: Illegal acts mediated the relationship between personality traits and GD severity: younger age, high levels of novelty seeking, and low levels of self-transcendence increased the risk of endorsing the illegal acts criterion. No differences between coincident-divergent groups in terms of DSM-IV and DSM-5 diagnosis were found with regards to sex (p=.878), education level (p=.387) or civil status (p=.792). Discussion and conclusions: The results obtained in the present study offer new insights into the utility of using a history of illegal acts, their different personality characteristics and psychopathology to categorize GD patients. Our findings suggest that patients who engage in criminal behavior may require a more comprehensive intervention.

AB - Background and aims: Gambling-related crimes are known to be associated with gambling disorder (GD). Due to a lack of consensus in the scientific community regarding the relevance of this diagnostic criterion, it was removed from the DSM-5. The primary aim of this study was to investigate through structural equation modeling (SEM) whether higher GD severity in treatment-seeking GD patients with a criminal record is mediated through the illegal acts criterion itself, or whether it can be better explained by other related clinical factors. Methods: An initial sample of 2,081 patients seeking treatment for gambling problems was included in the sample. SEM was used to evaluate the mediational role of the illegal acts criterion between the sex, age and personality traits, gambling severity, and comorbid depression levels. Comparisons between patients with coinciding and divergent DSM criterion for GD diagnosis were carried out. Results: Illegal acts mediated the relationship between personality traits and GD severity: younger age, high levels of novelty seeking, and low levels of self-transcendence increased the risk of endorsing the illegal acts criterion. No differences between coincident-divergent groups in terms of DSM-IV and DSM-5 diagnosis were found with regards to sex (p=.878), education level (p=.387) or civil status (p=.792). Discussion and conclusions: The results obtained in the present study offer new insights into the utility of using a history of illegal acts, their different personality characteristics and psychopathology to categorize GD patients. Our findings suggest that patients who engage in criminal behavior may require a more comprehensive intervention.

KW - Criminal behaviors

KW - DSM-5

KW - DSM-IV-TR

KW - Gambling disorder

KW - Personality

KW - Psychopathology

KW - Severity

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00931

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00931

M3 - Article

VL - 10

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

T2 - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

IS - APR

M1 - 931

ER -