A comparison of outcomes and dislocation rates using dual articulation cups and THA for intracapsular femoral neck fractures

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Abstract

Total hip arthroplasty for intracapsular femoral neck fractures (FNF) is associated with a greater risk of dislocation. Dual articulation systems in this group of patients may provide better implant stability and a reduced dislocation rate. The aim of our study was to investigate FNF patients treated with dual articulation cups (DAC) and conventional THA and compare their clinical results at four months and one year after surgery. Our study compared femoral neck fracture patients treated with either DAC or conventional THA during two different time periods. Before surgery and during follow-up, the patients answered questions regarding their mobility, pain and usage of walking aids. Additionally at four-month and one-year follow-ups EQ-5D and HOOS questionnaires were applied for those patients qualifying for functional and quality of life analysis. Out of 125 femoral neck fracture patients 58 were treated with DAC and 67 with conventional THA. At four months and one year follow-up the HOOS and EQ-5D results did not differ significantly between DAC and conventional THA. Five hips in the THA group were revised for recurrent dislocation and two had a single dislocation. One year after surgery, the functional result of DAC and conventional THA are comparable but DAC have a lower risk of dislocation.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Orthopedics

Keywords

  • Femoral neck fracture, Dual articulation, Hip function
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-26
JournalHIP International
Volume23
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes