A comparison of structural and mechanical properties in cancellous bone from the femoral head and acetabulum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Mechanical interlock obtained by penetration of bone cement into cancellous bone is critical to the success of cemented total hip replacement (THR). Although acetabular component loosening is an important mode of THR failure, the properties of acetabular cancellous bone relevant to cement penetration are not well characterized. Bone biopsies (9 mm diameter, 10 mm long) were taken from the articular surfaces of the acetabulum and femoral head during total hip replacement. After mechanical and chemical defatting the two groups of bone specimens were characterized using flow measurement, mechanical testing and finally serial sectioning and three-dimensional computer reconstruction. The mean permeabilities of the acetabular group (1.064 x 10(-10) m(2)) and femoral group (1.155 x 10(-10) m(2)) were calculated from the flow measurements, which used saline solution and a static pressure of 9.8 kPa. The mean Young's modulus, measured non-destructively, was 47.4 MPa for the femoral group and 116.4 MPa for the acetabular group. Three-dimensional computer reconstruction of the specimens showed no significant differences in connectivity and porosity between the groups. Results obtained using femoral head cancellous bone to investigate bone cement penetration and fixation are directly relevant to fixation in the acetabulum.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Orthopedics

Keywords

  • cancellous bone, cementation, permeability, total hip replacement
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-429
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Volume218
Issue numberH6
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes