A correlation for predicting smoke layer temperature in a room adjacent to a room involved in a pre-flashover fire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Advanced fire modelling software have been developed and improved during the last couple of decays and thesekinds of software have been shown to be valuable tools for fire safety engineers. However, the advances made have not replaced the need for simple hand-calculation methods. Simple hand-calculations methods can be used to obtain a first estimate of, for example, smoke layer temperatures in a performance-based design or to help an engineer determine if it is necessary to perform a detailed computational fluid dynamics calculation, but the current hand-calculations methods are limited. The current methods can for example only predict smoke gas temperatures in the fire room. A correlation that could predict temperatures in an adjacent space would be useful in performance-based design when, for example, evaluating the conditions for evacuees or sensitive equipment

in an adjacent space to the room of fire origin. In this paper, a correlation for predicting gas temperatures in a
room adjacent to a room involved in a pre-flashover fire is developed. The correlation is derived from results
from computer simulations and the external validity is studied by comparing results from the correlation with
full-scale test data.

Details

Authors
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Building Technologies

Keywords

  • CFD, gas temperature, adjacent room, fire engineering, performance-based design, numerical experiments
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-193
JournalFire and Materials
Volume38
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

Bibliographic note

Article first published online: 20 DEC 2012

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