A first phylogenomic hypothesis for Eulophidae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Eulophidae is a hyper-diverse family of chalcidoid wasps with 324 genera, about 5300 described species and probably thousands of others to be described. Until now, the absence of unequivocal morphological apomorphies and the low resolution provided by the handful of Sanger sequenced genes have hampered the reconstruction of phylogenetic relationships within the family. Here, we used ultra-conserved elements and their flanking regions to resolve relationships among 84 species of eulophids included in 63 genera representing all subfamilies and most tribes, plus 15 outgroups. Our analyses recover all traditional Eulophidae subfamilies and tribes with high support and globally agree with the traditional classification of the family. Our results confirm that Eulophinae + Tetrastichinae is the sister group of (Opheliminae + Entiinae) + Entedoninae. At the generic level, our analyses provide high support for intergeneric relationships for which morphology and Sanger markers previously failed to provide resolution. Our results also confirm that Trisecodes does not group with Eulophidae and may not belong to this family; however, its correct classification still awaits a large-scale phylogenomic hypothesis for Chalcidoidea. This work opens new avenues towards a better understanding of the evolutionary history, biogeography and evolution of host–parasitoid associations in this hyper-diverse family of chalcidoid wasps.


  • Jean Yves Rasplus
  • Bonnie B. Blaimer
  • Seán G. Brady
  • Roger A. Burks
  • Gérard Delvare
  • Nicole Fisher
  • Michael Gates
  • Nathalie Gauthier
  • Alex V. Gumovsky
  • Christer Hansson
  • John M. Heraty
  • Lucian Fusu
  • Sabine Nidelet
  • Rodrigo A.S. Pereira
  • Laure Sauné
  • Rosichon Ubaidillah
  • Astrid Cruaud
External organisations
  • University of Montpellier
  • North Carolina State University
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • University of California, Riverside
  • Centre de biologie pour la gestion des populations - (CBGP)
  • CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Canberra
  • University of the Witwatersrand
  • Alexandru Ioan Cuza University
  • University of São Paulo
  • Natural History Museum, London
  • Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Biological Systematics


  • Phylogenetics, sequence capture, target enrichment, UCEs, ultraconserved element
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-609
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Natural History
Issue number9-12
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Publication categoryResearch