A gene score of nine LDL and HDL regulating genes is associated with fluvastatin induced cholesterol changes in women.

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Abstract

While conventional pharmacogenetic studies have considered single gene effects, we tested if a genetic score of nine LDL- and HDL-associated SNPs, previously shown to predict cardiovascular disease, is related to fluvastatin induced lipid change. In patients with asymptomatic plaque in the right carotid artery, thus candidates for statin therapy, we related Score LDL (APOB(rs693), APOE(rs4420638), HMGCR(rs12654264), LDLR(rs1529729) and PCSK9(rs11591147) and score HDL (ABCA1(rs3890182), CETP(rs1800775), LIPC(rs1800588) and LPL(rs328) ) as well as the combined score LDL+HDL to fluvastatin induced LDL reduction (+/- metoprolol) (n=395) and HDL increase (n=187) following one year fluvastatin treatment. In women, increasing number of unfavorable alleles (i.e. alleles conferring higher LDL and lower HDL) of score LDL+HDL (P=0,037) and of score LDL (P=0,023) was associated with less pronounced fluvastatin induced LDL reduction. Furthermore, in women both score LDL+HDL (P=0,001) and score HDL (P=0,022) was directly correlated with more pronounced fluvastatin induced HDL increase, explaining 5,9-11,6 % of the variance in treatment response in women. There were no such associations in men. This suggests that a gene score based on variation in nine different LDL and HDL associated genes is of importance for the magnitude of fluvastatin HDL increase in women with asymptomatic plaque in the carotid artery.

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Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)625-634
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume51
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes

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Viktor Hamrefors, 2014, Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease. 120 p.

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