A generic method to distribute ECTS-grades between and within student cohorts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The ECTS grade transfer scale is an interface grade scale to help European universities, students and employers to understand the level of student achievement. Hence, the ECTS scale can be seen as an interface, transforming local scales to a common system where A-E denote passing grades, while FX and F indicate failure. By definition, ECTS should distribute the passing students into five cohorts, representing the percentiles 10, 35, 65, 90 and 100 of student performance.

This paper presents a generic method to distribute cohorts of students with differentiated passing local grades into ECTS grading scale cohorts, taking into account historic student performance, the percentiles required for the ECTS scale as well as the relative performance of a student group in relation to student groups previously graded in the same course module. The method can handle any number of equally or unequally spaced local grade cohorts of any size.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Chemical Engineering


  • distribution, scale, transfer, ECTS, grade, method
Original languageEnglish
JournalHistorielärarnas Förenings Årsskrift
Publication statusSubmitted - 2007
Publication categoryResearch