A lake as a microcosm: reflections on developments in aquatic ecology

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A lake as a microcosm: reflections on developments in aquatic ecology. / Hansson, Lars-Anders; Brodersen, Jakob; Chapman, Ben; Ekvall, Mattias; Hargeby, Anders; Hulthén, Kaj; Nicolle, Alice; Nilsson, Anders; Skov, Christian; Brönmark, Christer.

In: Aquatic Ecology, Vol. 47, No. 2, 2013, p. 125-135.

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Hansson, Lars-Anders ; Brodersen, Jakob ; Chapman, Ben ; Ekvall, Mattias ; Hargeby, Anders ; Hulthén, Kaj ; Nicolle, Alice ; Nilsson, Anders ; Skov, Christian ; Brönmark, Christer. / A lake as a microcosm: reflections on developments in aquatic ecology. In: Aquatic Ecology. 2013 ; Vol. 47, No. 2. pp. 125-135.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - A lake as a microcosm: reflections on developments in aquatic ecology

AU - Hansson, Lars-Anders

AU - Brodersen, Jakob

AU - Chapman, Ben

AU - Ekvall, Mattias

AU - Hargeby, Anders

AU - Hulthén, Kaj

AU - Nicolle, Alice

AU - Nilsson, Anders

AU - Skov, Christian

AU - Brönmark, Christer

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - In the present study, we aim at relating Forbes' remarkable paper on "The lake as a microcosm", published 125 years ago, to the present status of knowledge in our own research group. Hence, we relate the observations Forbes made to our own microcosm, Lake Krankesjon in southern Sweden, that has been intensively studied by several research groups for more than three decades. Specifically, we focus on the question: Have we made any significant progress or did Forbes and colleagues blaze the trail through the unknown wilderness and we are mainly paving that intellectual road? We conclude that lakes are more isolated than many other biomes, but have, indeed, many extensions, for example, input from the catchment, fishing and fish migration. We also conclude that irrespective of whether lakes should be viewed as microcosms or not, the paper by Forbes has been exceptionally influential and still is, especially since it touches upon almost all aspects of the lake ecosystem, from individual behaviour to food web interactions and environmental issues. Therefore, there is no doubt that even if 125 years have passed, Forbes' paper still is a source of inspiration and deserves to be read. Hence, although aquatic ecology has made considerable progress over the latest century, Forbes might be viewed as one of the major pioneers and visionary scientists of limnology.

AB - In the present study, we aim at relating Forbes' remarkable paper on "The lake as a microcosm", published 125 years ago, to the present status of knowledge in our own research group. Hence, we relate the observations Forbes made to our own microcosm, Lake Krankesjon in southern Sweden, that has been intensively studied by several research groups for more than three decades. Specifically, we focus on the question: Have we made any significant progress or did Forbes and colleagues blaze the trail through the unknown wilderness and we are mainly paving that intellectual road? We conclude that lakes are more isolated than many other biomes, but have, indeed, many extensions, for example, input from the catchment, fishing and fish migration. We also conclude that irrespective of whether lakes should be viewed as microcosms or not, the paper by Forbes has been exceptionally influential and still is, especially since it touches upon almost all aspects of the lake ecosystem, from individual behaviour to food web interactions and environmental issues. Therefore, there is no doubt that even if 125 years have passed, Forbes' paper still is a source of inspiration and deserves to be read. Hence, although aquatic ecology has made considerable progress over the latest century, Forbes might be viewed as one of the major pioneers and visionary scientists of limnology.

KW - Forbes

KW - Microcosm

KW - Trophic cascade

KW - Zooplankton

KW - Fish

KW - Food web

U2 - 10.1007/s10452-013-9435-2

DO - 10.1007/s10452-013-9435-2

M3 - Article

VL - 47

SP - 125

EP - 135

JO - Aquatic Ecology

T2 - Aquatic Ecology

JF - Aquatic Ecology

SN - 0165-1404

IS - 2

ER -