A method of lean air-fuel ratio control using combustion pressure measurement

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In this paper a method for control of air–fuel ratio (AFR) in cold or lean-burning spark-ignited engines is investigated. The technique uses combustion pressure as measured by a cylinder-mounted sensor, and is based on the phenomenon of increasing cycle-to-cycle combustion pressure variation as the air–fuel mixture approaches the limits of flammability. The cylinder pressure is measured from one engine cycle to the next, and large drops in mean effective pressure (IMEP) are used as an indicator of poor combustion. In response, the airflow or fuel flow to the engine can be manipulated. In a series of experiments, the air and fuel are alternately investigated as control inputs, and performance compared. The resulting control system is a high-bandwidth AFR control strategy that can be used under cold or lean conditions when conventional exhaust gas oxygen sensor cannot be used. Moreover, the method is directly tied to the combustion process and the relevant performance measure — combustion stability — that is perceptible to the driver as a rough-running engine.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Other Mechanical Engineering


  • Cylinder Pressure, Lean, Control, Combustion, Engine
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-393
JournalJSAE Review
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Publication categoryResearch

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