A model for prediction of limestone dissolution in wet flue gas desulfurization applications

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A model has been developed to predict the dissolution rate of a limestone slurry as a function of particle size distribution and limestone conversion. The model is based on basic mass-transfer theory and includes a factor allowing the flux of calcium ions from the limestone surface to vary with the fraction dissolved. Changes in the flux with the fraction dissolved have been reported to be caused by the presence of sulfite but can also be caused by accumulation of inerts at the liquid-solid interface and/or by changes in the effective mass-transfer area. Calculations show that the decrease in flux reported for sulfites can have a significant impact on the slurry conditions within the reaction tank, i.e., impact on the limestone conversion and the relationship between liquid and solid alkalinity. In the absence of sulfites, the flux from limestone particles has been assumed to be constant with respect to the degree of dissolution. The modeling results have been found to be in good agreement with the measured values of a continuous stirred tank reactor. The model was able to accurately predict the impact of both the particle size distribution and reaction tank residence time on limestone conversion and dissolution rate.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Chemical Engineering
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3889-3897
JournalIndustrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Publication categoryResearch