A model to estimate vertical speed of ascending evacuation from maximal work capacity data

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper describes the development of an ascending evacuation model based on physical work capacity of a selected sample. The model is based on the combination of several field experiments, existing databases and pre-tests that were combined to define initial test conditions in the laboratory environment on a step machine. Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) of 13 male and 12 female subjects (data was pooled), was measured, and they climbed at 3 step rates specified according to individual percentage of their maximal aerobic capacity %VO2max) levels. The first nineteen subjects were used for model development and the last six for validation. The paper gives an overview on the collected laboratory data and puts it into relation with the field data from both oxygen consumption and heart rate perspective. The maximum vertical displacement (hvert in m/min) can be calculated according to: hvert = −21.7727 + 0.4024 ∗ VO2max + 0.2658 ∗ %VO2max. The discussion covers limitations and possibilities of the model and suggests the literature and databases that form the basis for practical use of the prediction model. Paper defines the needs for future work and possible information sources to improve the model.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Other Civil Engineering
  • Sport and Fitness Sciences
  • Physiology


  • Physical work capacity, oxygen consumption, Heart rate, Fatigue, Evacuation speed, Stairs
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-378
Number of pages10
JournalSafety Science
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 19
Publication categoryResearch

Related research output

Amitava Halder, 2020 Apr 14, Lund: Ergonomics and Aerosol Technology, Department of Design Sciences, Lund University. 107 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis (compilation)

Mattias Delin, Johan Norén, Enrico Ronchi, Kalev Kuklane, Amitava Halder & Karl Fridolf, 2017 Aug, In : Fire and Materials. 41, 5, p. 514-534

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Enrico Ronchi, Johan Norén, Mattias Delin, Kalev Kuklane, Amitava Halder, Silvia Arias & Karl Fridolf, 2015, Department of Fire Safety Engineering and Systems Safety, Lund University. 116 p. (TVBB-3192; vol. 3192)

Research output: Book/ReportReport

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