A molecular chaperone breaks the catalytic cycle that generates toxic Aβ oligomers.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease is an increasingly prevalent neurodegenerative disorder whose pathogenesis has been associated with aggregation of the amyloid-β peptide (Aβ42). Recent studies have revealed that once Aβ42 fibrils are generated, their surfaces effectively catalyze the formation of neurotoxic oligomers. Here we show that a molecular chaperone, a human Brichos domain, can specifically inhibit this catalytic cycle and limit human Aβ42 toxicity. We demonstrate in vitro that Brichos achieves this inhibition by binding to the surfaces of fibrils, thereby redirecting the aggregation reaction to a pathway that involves minimal formation of toxic oligomeric intermediates. We verify that this mechanism occurs in living mouse brain tissue by cytotoxicity and electrophysiology experiments. These results reveal that molecular chaperones can help maintain protein homeostasis by selectively suppressing critical microscopic steps within the complex reaction pathways responsible for the toxic effects of protein misfolding and aggregation.

Details

Authors
  • Samuel I A Cohen
  • Paolo Arosio
  • Jenny Presto
  • Firoz Roshan Kurudenkandy
  • Henrik Biverstål
  • Lisa Dolfe
  • Christopher Dunning
  • Xiaoting Yang
  • Birgitta Frohm
  • Michele Vendruscolo
  • Jan Johansson
  • Christopher M Dobson
  • André Fisahn
  • Tuomas P J Knowles
  • Sara Linse
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Neurology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-213
JournalNature Structural & Molecular Biology
Volume22
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes