A new luminescence assay for autoantibodies to mammalian cell-prepared insulinoma-associated protein 2

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE - Insulinoma-associated protein 2 (IA-2) is a major autoantigen in type I diabetes, and IA-2 autoantibodies are routinely detected by a liquid-phase radioimmunoprecipitation assay. The present experiments were initiated to develop a new assay that does not require the use of radioisotopes or autoantigens prepared in bacteria or by in vitro transcription/translation. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - IA-2 luciferase fusion protein was expressed in mammalian cells and assayed for autoantibodies by liquid-phase luciferase immunoprecipitation. RESULTS - Our study showed that there was no significant difference between the luciferase immunoprecipitation and the radioimmunoprecipitation assays in sensitivity and specificity, and comparison of the two assays revealed a high correlation coefficient (R-2 = 0.805). CONCLUSIONS - The luciferase system offers a robust, inexpensive, nonradioactive method for the detection of autoantibodies to mammalian cell-prepared IA-2 and could be of practical value at the clinical level.

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  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1824-1826
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume31
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes