A new method of random environmental walking for assessing behavioral preferences for different lighting applications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Accurate assessment of people’s preferences for different outdoor lighting applications is increasingly considered important in the development of new urban environments. Here a new method of random environmental walking is proposed to complement current methods of assessing urban lighting applications, such as self-report questionnaires. The procedure involves participants repeatedly walking between different lighting applications by random selection of a lighting application and preferred choice or by random selection of a lighting application alone. In this manner, participants are exposed to all lighting applications of interest more than once and participants’ preferences for the different lighting applications are reflected in the number of times they walk to each lighting application. On the basis of an initial simulation study, to explore the feasibility of this approach, a comprehensive field test was undertaken. The field test included random environmental walking and collection of participants’ subjective ratings of perceived pleasantness, perceived quality, perceived strength, and perceived flicker of 4 lighting applications. The results indicate that random environmental walking can reveal participants’ preferences for different lighting applications that, in the present study, conformed to participants’ ratings of perceived pleasantness and quality of the lighting applications. As a complement to subjectively stated environmental preferences, random environmental walking has the potential to expose behavioral preferences for different lighting applications.


External organisations
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Psychology
  • Landscape Architecture
  • Architectural Engineering


  • lighting assessment, random walking, structured walking, urban quality, pedestrians
Original languageEnglish
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume 8
Issue number345
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 23
Publication categoryResearch

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Related research output

Johan Rahm, 2019 May 17, Lund: Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Lund University.

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