A new tyrosyl radical on Phe(208) as ligand to the diiron center in Escherichia coli ribonucleotide reductase, mutant R2-Y122H - Combined X-ray diffraction and EPR/ENDOR studies

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A new tyrosyl radical on Phe(208) as ligand to the diiron center in Escherichia coli ribonucleotide reductase, mutant R2-Y122H - Combined X-ray diffraction and EPR/ENDOR studies. / Kolberg, M; Logan, Derek; Bleifuss, G; Potsch, S; Sjoberg, B-M; Gräslund, A; Lubitz, W; Lassmann, G; Lendzian, F.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 280, No. 12, 2005, p. 11233-11246.

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Kolberg, M ; Logan, Derek ; Bleifuss, G ; Potsch, S ; Sjoberg, B-M ; Gräslund, A ; Lubitz, W ; Lassmann, G ; Lendzian, F. / A new tyrosyl radical on Phe(208) as ligand to the diiron center in Escherichia coli ribonucleotide reductase, mutant R2-Y122H - Combined X-ray diffraction and EPR/ENDOR studies. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2005 ; Vol. 280, No. 12. pp. 11233-11246.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - A new tyrosyl radical on Phe(208) as ligand to the diiron center in Escherichia coli ribonucleotide reductase, mutant R2-Y122H - Combined X-ray diffraction and EPR/ENDOR studies

AU - Kolberg, M

AU - Logan, Derek

AU - Bleifuss, G

AU - Potsch, S

AU - Sjoberg, B-M

AU - Gräslund, A

AU - Lubitz, W

AU - Lassmann, G

AU - Lendzian, F

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - The R2 protein subunit of class I ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) belongs to a structurally related family of oxygen bridged diiron proteins. In wild-type R2 of Escherichia coli, reductive cleavage of molecular oxygen by the diferrous iron center generates a radical on a nearby tyrosine residue (Tyr122), which is essential for the enzymatic activity of RNR, converting ribonucleotides into deoxyribonucleotides. In this work, we characterize the mutant E. coli protein R2-Y122H, where the radical site is substituted with a histidine residue. The x-ray structure verifies the mutation. R2-Y122H contains a novel stable paramagnetic center which we name H, and which we have previously proposed to be a diferric iron center with a strongly coupled radical, (FeFeR)-Fe-III-R-III . Here we report a detailed characterization of center H, using H-1/H-2-N-14/N-15- and Fe-57-ENDOR in comparison with the (FeFeIV)-Fe-III intermediate X observed in the iron reconstitution reaction of R2. Specific deuterium labeling of phenylalanine residues reveals that the radical results from a phenylalanine. As Phe(208) is the only phenylalanine in the ligand sphere of the iron site, and generation of a phenyl radical requires a very high oxidation potential, we propose that in Y122H residue Phe(208) is hydroxylated, as observed earlier in another mutant (R2-Y122F/E238A), and further oxidized to a phenoxyl radical, which is coordinated to Fe1. This work demonstrates that small structural changes can redirect the reactivity of the diiron site, leading to oxygenation of a hydrocarbon, as observed in the structurally similar methane monoxygenase, and beyond, to formation of a stable iron-coordinated radical.

AB - The R2 protein subunit of class I ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) belongs to a structurally related family of oxygen bridged diiron proteins. In wild-type R2 of Escherichia coli, reductive cleavage of molecular oxygen by the diferrous iron center generates a radical on a nearby tyrosine residue (Tyr122), which is essential for the enzymatic activity of RNR, converting ribonucleotides into deoxyribonucleotides. In this work, we characterize the mutant E. coli protein R2-Y122H, where the radical site is substituted with a histidine residue. The x-ray structure verifies the mutation. R2-Y122H contains a novel stable paramagnetic center which we name H, and which we have previously proposed to be a diferric iron center with a strongly coupled radical, (FeFeR)-Fe-III-R-III . Here we report a detailed characterization of center H, using H-1/H-2-N-14/N-15- and Fe-57-ENDOR in comparison with the (FeFeIV)-Fe-III intermediate X observed in the iron reconstitution reaction of R2. Specific deuterium labeling of phenylalanine residues reveals that the radical results from a phenylalanine. As Phe(208) is the only phenylalanine in the ligand sphere of the iron site, and generation of a phenyl radical requires a very high oxidation potential, we propose that in Y122H residue Phe(208) is hydroxylated, as observed earlier in another mutant (R2-Y122F/E238A), and further oxidized to a phenoxyl radical, which is coordinated to Fe1. This work demonstrates that small structural changes can redirect the reactivity of the diiron site, leading to oxygenation of a hydrocarbon, as observed in the structurally similar methane monoxygenase, and beyond, to formation of a stable iron-coordinated radical.

U2 - 10.1074/jbc.M414634200

DO - 10.1074/jbc.M414634200

M3 - Article

C2 - 15634667

VL - 280

SP - 11233

EP - 11246

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 1083-351X

IS - 12

ER -