A review on molten-salt-based and ionic-liquid-based nanofluids for medium-to-high temperature heat transfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Molten-salt-based nanofluids and ionic-liquid-based nanofluids are developed for thermal storage and heat transfer at relatively high temperatures, in the past few years. Preparation and stabilization techniques are briefly introduced firstly, and then, thermal properties, e.g., specific heat, thermal conductivity and viscosity, are summarized and discussed in detail. The properties are not only affected by the characteristics of nanomaterials and base fluids, but also affected by the synthesis method, such as the sonication intensity and duration. Some of the thermophysical property data are still incomplete, especially the thermal conductivity of molten-salt-based nanofluids, and properties of ionic-liquid-based nanofluids at high temperatures. While several literature works show that the Krieger–Dougherty model can well predict the viscosity, no general models for thermal conductivity and specific heat have been developed yet for both types of nanofluids.


External organisations
  • Harbin Institute of Technology
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Energy Engineering


  • Ionic liquid, Medium-to-high temperature, Molten salt, Nanofluid, Thermal properties
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1037-1051
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Issue number3
Early online date2018 Oct 3
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Publication categoryResearch