A software platform for adaptive high order multistep methods

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We present a software package, Modes, offering h-adaptive and p-adaptive linear multistep methods for first order initial value problems in ordinary differential equations. The implementation is based on a new parametric, grid-independent representation of multistep methods [Arévalo and Söderlind 2017]. Parameters are supplied for over 60 methods. For nonstiff problems, all maximal order methods (p=k for explicit and p=k+1 for implicit methods) are supported. For stiff computation, implicit methods of order p=k are included. A collection of step-size controllers based on digital filters is provided, generating smooth step-size sequences offering improved computational stability. Controllers may be selected to match method and problem classes. A new system for automatic order control is also provided for designated families of multistep methods, offering simultaneous h- and p-adaptivity. Implemented as a Matlab toolbox, the software covers high order computations with linear multistep methods within a unified, generic framework. Computational experiments show that the new software is competitive and offers qualitative improvements. Modes is available for downloading and is primarily intended as a platform for developing a new generation of state-of-the-art multistep solvers, as well as for true ceteris paribus evaluation of algorithmic components. This also enables method comparisons within a single implementation environment.


External organisations
  • University of Concepción
  • HiQ Ace AB
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Computational Mathematics
  • Control Engineering


  • multistep methods, ordinary differential equations, Solver, variable order, variable step size
Original languageEnglish
Article number2
JournalACM Transactions on Mathematical Software
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr
Publication categoryResearch