A study of the influence of exhaust gas recirculation and stoichiometry on the heat release in the end-gas prior to knock using rotational coherent anti-Stokes-Raman spectroscopy thermometry

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Bibtex

@article{195d1592e6ce4fe4bd9aa445f4661b3f,
title = "A study of the influence of exhaust gas recirculation and stoichiometry on the heat release in the end-gas prior to knock using rotational coherent anti-Stokes-Raman spectroscopy thermometry",
abstract = "Heat release in the end-gas prior to autoignition was investigated using different experimental methods including transducers for heat flux and pressure as well as rotational coherent anti-Stokes-Raman spectroscopy, which is a laser-based method for non-intrusive instantaneous thermometry of the gas. The time history was examined in the cases of mixtures of various stoichio-metries, where some were diluted with exhaust gas recir-culation (EGR). The measured temperature history was compared with the isentropic temperature calculated from the cylinder pressure trace. This comparison revealed a difference in heat release from low-temperature reactions in the end-gas for the various mixtures tested at a constant indicated mean effective pressure and a fixed position of 50 per cent burnt charge. It is shown that lean mixtures tend to exhibit the highest knock intensity, mainly due to a decrease in specific heat, as compared to the richer mixtures, which result in an earlier knock onset and as a consequence higher knock intensity. Furthermore, the comparison of temperatures indicates that the rich mixtures have a high heat release from low-temperature chemistry, which to some extent negates the higher specific heat of the charge. As a consequence, a slight enrichment of the charge can lead to higher knock intensity in comparison with a stoichiometric mixture. In spite of the lower specific heat of the charge when a stoichiometric charge was diluted with cooled EGR, these mixtures showed a very low tendency to knock.",
keywords = "laser diagnostics combustion Coherent anti-stokes raman spectroscopy CARS Heat release autoignition knock",
author = "B{\"o}rje Grandin and Ingemar Denbratt and Joakim Bood and Christian Brackmann and Per-Erik Bengtsson",
year = "2002",
doi = "10.1243/146808702762230914",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "209--221",
journal = "International Journal of Engine Research",
issn = "1468-0874",
publisher = "Professional Engineering Publishing",
number = "4",

}