A Swedish case-control network for studies of drug-induced morbidity - acute pancreatitis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: To evaluate risk factors - notably drugs - for developing acute pancreatitis. Methods: A population-based, case-control study, encompassing 1.4 million inhabitants aged 20-85 years from four regions in Sweden between 1 January 1995 and 31 May 1998. A total of 462 cases were hospitalised in surgical departments with their first episode of acute pancreatitis without previously known biliary stone disease. From a population register, 1781 controls were randomly selected. Information was obtained from medical records and through telephone interviews. Results: Fifty-seven percent of the cases were males. An expert group found evidence for biliary stones in 50% of the cases, alcohol intake in 23%, but in 29% neither of these factors were present. In all, "other" factors, e.g. drugs, could have contributed to the development of acute pancreatitis in 52% of the cases. In a multivariate analysis, the adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for H-2 antagonists were 2.4 (95% CI 1.2-4.8) for proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), 2.1 (1.2-3.4) for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), 2.3 (1.3-4.0) for those derived from acetic acid and 1.9 (1.1-3.2) antibacterials for systemic use. Significant ORs were found for a history of gastrointestinal tract disorders [1.5 (1.1-1.9)] and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) [3.4 (1.5-7.9)]. Smoking was significantly associated with acute pancreatitis [1.7 (1.2-2.1)] and, for those smoking more than 20 cigarettes per day, the OR was 4.0 (2.27.5). Alcohol in moderate amounts did not increase the risk, but for those drinking more than 420 g alcohol per week the OR was 4.1 (2.2-7.5). Conclusion: In addition to cholelithiasis, smoking and heavy alcohol use, drugs may be an important risk factor for acute pancreatitis.


  • KB Blomgren
  • A Sundstrom
  • G Steineck
  • S Genell
  • S Sjostedt
  • BE Wiholm
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Pharmacology and Toxicology


  • acute pancreatitis, risk factors, case-control study
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-283
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Publication categoryResearch
Externally publishedYes