A systems biology analysis connects insulin receptor signaling with glucose transporter translocation in rat adipocytes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance, which arises from malfunctions in the intracellular insulin signaling network. Knowledge of the insulin signaling network is fragmented, and because of the complexity of this network, little consensus has emerged for the structure and importance of the different branches of the network. To help overcome this complexity, systems biology mathematical models have been generated for predicting both the activation of the insulin receptor (IR) and the redistribution of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) to the plasma membrane. Although the insulin signal transduction between IR and GLUT4 has been thoroughly studied with modeling and time-resolved data in human cells, comparable analyses in cells from commonly used model organisms such as rats and mice are lacking. Here, we combined existing data and models for rat adipocytes with new data collected for the signaling network between IR and GLUT4 to create a model also for their interconnections. To describe all data (>140 data points), the model needed three distinct pathways from IR to GLUT4: (i) via protein kinase B (PKB) and Akt substrate of 160 kDa (AS160), (ii) via an AS160-independent pathway from PKB, and (iii) via an additional pathway from IR, e.g. affecting the membrane constitution. The developed combined model could describe data not used for training the model and was used to generate predictions of the relative contributions of the pathways from IR to translocation of GLUT4. The combined model provides a systems-level understanding of insulin signaling in rat adipocytes, which, when combined with corresponding models for human adipocytes, may contribute to model-based drug development for diabetes.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Linköping University
  • AstraZeneca, Sweden
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Medicinal Chemistry

Keywords

  • adipocyte, cell signaling, glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4), insulin, insulin signaling, mathematical modeling, mechanistic modeling
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11206-11217
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume292
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 7
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes