A test of different rotational Raman linewidth models: Accuracy of rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering thermometry in nitrogen from 295 to 1850 K

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Rotational Raman linewidths calculated from three different models have been used in temperature measurements by rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS)—a semiclassical ab initio model, the modified exponential energy gap model (MEG), and the energy corrected sudden scaling law (ECS). Experimental rotational CARS spectra were generated, using the dual-broadband approach, in pure nitrogen at atmospheric pressure in a heat pipe in the temperature range from 295 to 1850 K. Below 1500 K, the temperatures evaluated using the ECS linewidths agreed with the heat-pipe temperatures to within 20 K. Above 1500 K, the errors in the evaluated temperatures increased steeply for all linewidth models, reaching errors of several hundreds of Kelvins at 1850 K. This behavior of the evaluated temperature is probably caused by the uncertainty in the values of the rotational Raman linewidths for high rotational states at high temperatures. This work therefore illustrates that rotational CARS can be used for experimentally studying Raman linewidths and in particular their dependence on temperature and rotational quantum number. The influence of different experimental parameters on the evaluated temperatures is discussed, and the spectral synthesis program is presented. The Journal of Chemical Physics is copyrighted by The American Institute of Physics.


Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics


  • and shifts] # CODE: 42.65.Dr Optics : Nonlinear optics :[Stimulated Raman scattering, CARS] # CODE: 07.20.Dt Specific instrumentation and techniques of general use in physics : Thermal instruments and techniques :[Thermometry], shapes, # CODE: 34.50.Ez Atomic and molecular collision processes and interactions : Inelastic scattering of atoms and molecules :[Rotational and vibrational energy transfer] # CODE: 33.70.Jg Molecular spectra and interactions of molecules with photons : Intensities and shapes of molecular spectral lines and bands :[Line and band widths
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2466-2477
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Combustion Physics (011012007), Physics, Faculty of Technology (011013200)

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