Abnormal epigenetic changes during differentiation of human skeletal muscle stem cells from obese subjects

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Abnormal epigenetic changes during differentiation of human skeletal muscle stem cells from obese subjects. / Davegårdh, Cajsa; Broholm, Christa; Perfilyev, Alexander; Henriksen, Tora; García-Calzón, Sonia; Peijs, Lone; Hansen, Ninna Schiøler; Volkov, Petr; Kjøbsted, Rasmus; Wojtaszewski, Jørgen F P; Pedersen, Maria; Pedersen, Bente Klarlund; Ballak, Dov B.; Dinarello, Charles A.; Heinhuis, Bas; Joosten, Leo A B; Nilsson, Emma; Vaag, Allan; Scheele, Camilla; Ling, Charlotte.

In: BMC Medicine, Vol. 15, No. 1, 39, 22.02.2017, p. 1-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Davegårdh, C, Broholm, C, Perfilyev, A, Henriksen, T, García-Calzón, S, Peijs, L, Hansen, NS, Volkov, P, Kjøbsted, R, Wojtaszewski, JFP, Pedersen, M, Pedersen, BK, Ballak, DB, Dinarello, CA, Heinhuis, B, Joosten, LAB, Nilsson, E, Vaag, A, Scheele, C & Ling, C 2017, 'Abnormal epigenetic changes during differentiation of human skeletal muscle stem cells from obese subjects', BMC Medicine, vol. 15, no. 1, 39, pp. 1-27. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-017-0792-x

APA

CBE

Davegårdh C, Broholm C, Perfilyev A, Henriksen T, García-Calzón S, Peijs L, Hansen NS, Volkov P, Kjøbsted R, Wojtaszewski JFP, Pedersen M, Pedersen BK, Ballak DB, Dinarello CA, Heinhuis B, Joosten LAB, Nilsson E, Vaag A, Scheele C, Ling C. 2017. Abnormal epigenetic changes during differentiation of human skeletal muscle stem cells from obese subjects. BMC Medicine. 15(1):1-27. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-017-0792-x

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Davegårdh, Cajsa ; Broholm, Christa ; Perfilyev, Alexander ; Henriksen, Tora ; García-Calzón, Sonia ; Peijs, Lone ; Hansen, Ninna Schiøler ; Volkov, Petr ; Kjøbsted, Rasmus ; Wojtaszewski, Jørgen F P ; Pedersen, Maria ; Pedersen, Bente Klarlund ; Ballak, Dov B. ; Dinarello, Charles A. ; Heinhuis, Bas ; Joosten, Leo A B ; Nilsson, Emma ; Vaag, Allan ; Scheele, Camilla ; Ling, Charlotte. / Abnormal epigenetic changes during differentiation of human skeletal muscle stem cells from obese subjects. In: BMC Medicine. 2017 ; Vol. 15, No. 1. pp. 1-27.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Abnormal epigenetic changes during differentiation of human skeletal muscle stem cells from obese subjects

AU - Davegårdh, Cajsa

AU - Broholm, Christa

AU - Perfilyev, Alexander

AU - Henriksen, Tora

AU - García-Calzón, Sonia

AU - Peijs, Lone

AU - Hansen, Ninna Schiøler

AU - Volkov, Petr

AU - Kjøbsted, Rasmus

AU - Wojtaszewski, Jørgen F P

AU - Pedersen, Maria

AU - Pedersen, Bente Klarlund

AU - Ballak, Dov B.

AU - Dinarello, Charles A.

AU - Heinhuis, Bas

AU - Joosten, Leo A B

AU - Nilsson, Emma

AU - Vaag, Allan

AU - Scheele, Camilla

AU - Ling, Charlotte

PY - 2017/2/22

Y1 - 2017/2/22

N2 - Background: Human skeletal muscle stem cells are important for muscle regeneration. However, the combined genome-wide DNA methylation and expression changes taking place during adult myogenesis have not been described in detail and novel myogenic factors may be discovered. Additionally, obesity is associated with low relative muscle mass and diminished metabolism. Epigenetic alterations taking place during myogenesis might contribute to these defects. Methods: We used Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip Kit (Illumina) and HumanHT-12 Expression BeadChip (Illumina) to analyze genome-wide DNA methylation and transcription before versus after differentiation of primary human myoblasts from 14 non-obese and 14 obese individuals. Functional follow-up experiments were performed using siRNA mediated gene silencing in primary human myoblasts and a transgenic mouse model. Results: We observed genome-wide changes in DNA methylation and expression patterns during differentiation of primary human muscle stem cells (myoblasts). We identified epigenetic and transcriptional changes of myogenic transcription factors (MYOD1, MYOG, MYF5, MYF6, PAX7, MEF2A, MEF2C, and MEF2D), cell cycle regulators, metabolic enzymes and genes previously not linked to myogenesis, including IL32, metallothioneins, and pregnancy-specific beta-1-glycoproteins. Functional studies demonstrated IL-32 as a novel target that regulates human myogenesis, insulin sensitivity and ATP levels in muscle cells. Furthermore, IL32 transgenic mice had reduced insulin response and muscle weight. Remarkably, approximately 3.7 times more methylation changes (147,161 versus 39,572) were observed during differentiation of myoblasts from obese versus non-obese subjects. In accordance, DNMT1 expression increased during myogenesis only in obese subjects. Interestingly, numerous genes implicated in metabolic diseases and epigenetic regulation showed differential methylation and expression during differentiation only in obese subjects. Conclusions: Our study identifies IL-32 as a novel myogenic regulator, provides a comprehensive map of the dynamic epigenome during differentiation of human muscle stem cells and reveals abnormal epigenetic changes in obesity.

AB - Background: Human skeletal muscle stem cells are important for muscle regeneration. However, the combined genome-wide DNA methylation and expression changes taking place during adult myogenesis have not been described in detail and novel myogenic factors may be discovered. Additionally, obesity is associated with low relative muscle mass and diminished metabolism. Epigenetic alterations taking place during myogenesis might contribute to these defects. Methods: We used Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip Kit (Illumina) and HumanHT-12 Expression BeadChip (Illumina) to analyze genome-wide DNA methylation and transcription before versus after differentiation of primary human myoblasts from 14 non-obese and 14 obese individuals. Functional follow-up experiments were performed using siRNA mediated gene silencing in primary human myoblasts and a transgenic mouse model. Results: We observed genome-wide changes in DNA methylation and expression patterns during differentiation of primary human muscle stem cells (myoblasts). We identified epigenetic and transcriptional changes of myogenic transcription factors (MYOD1, MYOG, MYF5, MYF6, PAX7, MEF2A, MEF2C, and MEF2D), cell cycle regulators, metabolic enzymes and genes previously not linked to myogenesis, including IL32, metallothioneins, and pregnancy-specific beta-1-glycoproteins. Functional studies demonstrated IL-32 as a novel target that regulates human myogenesis, insulin sensitivity and ATP levels in muscle cells. Furthermore, IL32 transgenic mice had reduced insulin response and muscle weight. Remarkably, approximately 3.7 times more methylation changes (147,161 versus 39,572) were observed during differentiation of myoblasts from obese versus non-obese subjects. In accordance, DNMT1 expression increased during myogenesis only in obese subjects. Interestingly, numerous genes implicated in metabolic diseases and epigenetic regulation showed differential methylation and expression during differentiation only in obese subjects. Conclusions: Our study identifies IL-32 as a novel myogenic regulator, provides a comprehensive map of the dynamic epigenome during differentiation of human muscle stem cells and reveals abnormal epigenetic changes in obesity.

KW - ARPP21

KW - CGB

KW - DNA methylation

KW - Epigenetics

KW - IL-32

KW - Insulin resistance

KW - MT

KW - Myogenesis

KW - Obesity

KW - PSG

KW - TGF-β3

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85014369014&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s12916-017-0792-x

DO - 10.1186/s12916-017-0792-x

M3 - Article

VL - 15

SP - 1

EP - 27

JO - BMC Medicine

T2 - BMC Medicine

JF - BMC Medicine

SN - 1741-7015

IS - 1

M1 - 39

ER -