Abstract P3-02-02: Concordance between immunohistochemical and gene-expression based subtyping of early breast cancer using core needle biopsies and surgical specimens - experices from SCAN-B

Research output: Contribution to journalPublished meeting abstract

Abstract

Introduction: Preoperative chemotherapy in early breast cancer increases the rate of breast preservation and provides prognostic information. Treatment decisions in these cases rely on biomarker assessments and subtyping from tissue acquired through core needle biopsies. Tumor heterogeneity and representativity are pit-falls when limited tissue is available. Biomarker expression may change considerably as a result of preoperative chemotherapy, and in a subset of cases a complete pathological response at time of surgery may even preclude any further assessment. Therefore, the reliability and reproducibility of biomarkers in base-line core biopsies are of utmost importance for patients treated with preoperative chemotherapy.

Material and Methods: In an ongoing population-based study of early breast cancer, the SCAN-B (NCT02306096), patients were identified for whom an ultra-sound guided core needle biopsy was analyzed for biomarkers during primary clinical work-up and the patient was offered primary surgery as initial treatment. Clinical biomarker profiles including immunohistochemical (IHC) determinations of ER, PgR, HER2 and Ki67 were translated to subtypes according to modified St Gallen criteria (2013) and compared with paired samples from surgical specimens. In addition, tumor specimens for biomolecule extraction and RNA sequencing were collected fresh in RNAlater.

Results: IHC data was available from 51 paired samples. The subtype distribution in core needle biopsies was DCIS in 1 case (2 %), LCIS in 1 case (2 %) Luminal A-like in 16 cases (31 %), Luminal B-like (HER2 negative) in 26 cases (51 %), Luminal B-HER2-like (HER2 positive) in 4 cases (8 %), HER2-positive (non-luminal) in 1 case (2 %) and triple negative (ductal) breast cancer in 2 cases (4 %). The subtype distribution in surgical specimens was DCIS in 0 case (0 %), LCIS in 1 case (2 %) Luminal A-like in 18 cases (35 %), Luminal B-like (HER2negative) in 23 cases (45 %), Luminal B--like (HER2 positive) in 6 cases (12 %), HER2-positive (non-luminal) in 1 case (2 %) and triple negative (ductal) breast cancer in 2 cases (4 %). Notably, 5/16 cases classified as Luminal A-like in the core needle biopsy were reclassified as Luminal B-like (HER2-negative) in the surgical specimen, whereas 9/26 cases classified as Luminal B-like (HER2-negative) in the core needle biopsy were reclassified as either Luminal A-like (7 cases) or Luminal B-like (HER2 positive) (2 cases) in the surgical specimen. In all instances, except one, transition between Luminal A-like and Luminal B-like was due to recorded Ki67 expression. One case that was classified as a DCIS in the core needle was reclassified as Luminal B-like (HER2 negative) at time of surgery.

Discussion: In this limited material, discordance between evaluations regarding Luminal A-like and Luminal B-like was considerable. Especially the misclassification of primary HER2-positive breast cancer needs further evaluation. These findings may be caused by tumor heterogeneity, and highlight the risk of both over- and under-treatment upon biomarker assessment from core needle biopsies. Data from gene expression based subtype classifications will be presented during the meeting.

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Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cancer and Oncology
Original languageEnglish
JournalCancer research. Supplement
Volume78
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
EventSan Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, 2017 - Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center, San Antonio, United States
Duration: 2017 Dec 52017 Dec 9
https://www.sabcs.org/2017-SABCS

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Ehinger, A. (Contributor)
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