Accelerometer response to physical activity intensity in normal-weight versus overweight african american children.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
Different movement efficiency in overweight children may affect accelerometer output data. The purpose was to investigate the ability of accelerometers to assess physical activity intensity and number of steps in normal-weight compared with overweight children.

METHODS:
Eleven normal-weight and 14 overweight African American children walked at 2, 4, 5, and 6 km/h on a treadmill wearing Lifecorder, ActiGraph, RT3, and Biotrainer. Oxygen uptake was measured and steps manually counted. Fat free mass (FFM) was assessed from bioelectrical impedance analysis. Accelerometer counts and the individual linear regression lines of accelerometer counts versus VO2/FFM were evaluated, together with steps recorded by Lifecorder and Actigraph.

RESULTS:
Correlations between accelerometer counts and VO2/FFM for all monitors were r ≥ .95 (P < .01). The accelerometer counts and their relationship to VO2/FFM did not generally differ significantly by body weight status. Lifecorder and Actigraph underestimated steps at 4, 5, and 6 km/h by less than 9%, but the error was up to -95% at 2 km/h.

CONCLUSIONS:
All 4 accelerometers show high ability to assess physical activity intensity, and can be used to compare physical activity between normal-weight and overweight children. The Lifecorder and the ActiGraph showed high accuracy in assessing steps, providing speed of movement exceeded 2 km/h

Details

Authors
  • Daniel Arvidsson
  • Mark Fitch
  • Mark L Hudes
  • Catrine Tudor-Locke
  • Sharon E Fleming
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Sport and Fitness Sciences
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-692
JournalJournal of Physical Activity & Health
Volume8
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes