Accurate free atom-solid binding energy shifts for Au and Ag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Binding energy shifts between atomic and solid states have been observed with improved accuracy for All 4f and Ag 3d core levels applying a simultaneous measurement method. Also the 3d photoelectron spectrum and binding energies of free Ag atoms have been observed for the first time. New values determined as free atom to bulk solid shifts deviate considerably from previous estimate for Au but agree reasonably well for Ag. The valence bands were also found to shift rather accurately by the same amount as the core levels. (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V.


  • S. Aksela
  • T. Kantia
  • M. Patanen
  • A. Makinen
  • Samuli Urpelainen
  • H. Aksela
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Natural Sciences
  • Physical Sciences


  • Electron spectroscopy, Binding energies, Core-level shifts, Noble metals
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-277
JournalJournal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena
Issue number8-9
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Publication categoryResearch