Acute contractile effects of epidermal growth factor on bladder smooth muscles. An in vivo and in vitro study in rats

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Abstract

Chronic treatment with epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulates growth of all wall layers of the urinary tract in pigs and rats. Herein, we investigated the acute effects of EGF on detrusor smooth muscle activity. For in vivo examination, awake rats received EGF (75 micrograms/kg) intravenously and detrusor smooth muscle activity was monitored cystometrically. The EGF bolus caused no alteration in diuresis but a doubling of the micturition frequency, a 25% increase in micturition pressures, and increased irregular baseline contractile activity. For in vitro examination detrusor smooth muscle strips were exposed to EGF (1 microgram/ml). EGF caused contraction and increase in the spontaneous activity. In conclusion, EGF increases rat detrusor smooth muscle contractile activity in vivo and in vitro. The finding suggests that a direct effect of EGF on bladder smooth muscles is part of the genesis to the growth of the detrusor smooth muscle observed after chronic EGF treatment.

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Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Urology and Nephrology
  • Physiology
  • Neurosciences

Keywords

  • Bladder, muscle contraction, smooth muscle
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-235
JournalScandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Volume31
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes