Acute effects of liver vein occlusion by stent-graft placed in transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt channel: An experimental study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of hepatic vein occlusion by stent-graft used in transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). The experiments were performed in six healthy pigs under general anesthesia. Following percutaneous transhepatic implantation of a port-a-cath in the right hepatic vein, TIPS was created with a stent-graft (Viatorr; W L Gore, Flagstaff, AZ, USA). The outflow from the hepatic vein, blocked by the stent-graft was documented by injection of contrast medium and repeated injections of 99Tc(m)-labeled human serum albumin through the port-a-cath. After 2 weeks, the outflow was re-evaluated, the pigs were sacrificed, and histopathologic examination of the liver was performed. Occlusion of the hepatic vein by a stent-graft had a short and temporary effect on the outflow. Histopathological examination from the affected liver segment showed no divergent pattern. Stent-grafts used in TIPS block the outflow from the liver vein, but do not have a prolonged circulatory effect and do not affect the liver parenchyma.


  • Inger Keussen
  • Lennart Bergqvist
  • Pehr Rissler
  • W Cwikiel
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging


  • transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, portal hypertension, stent-graft, hepatic vein occlusion
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-123
JournalCardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Publication categoryResearch

Bibliographic note

The information about affiliations in this record was updated in December 2015. The record was previously connected to the following departments: Medical Radiology Unit (013241410), Radiation Physics, Lund (013034000), Pathology, (Lund) (013030000), Division V (013230900)

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Related research output

Inger Keussen, 2007, Diagnostic Radiology, (Lund). 84 p.

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