Acute phase proteins as prospective risk markers for arterial stiffness: The Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and objectives: Arterial stiffness plays a significant role in the development and progression of adverse cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. This observational study aims to explore the relationship between six acute phase proteins namely, ceruloplasmin, alpha-1-antitrypsin, orosomucoid, haptoglobin, complement C3 and C-reactive protein (CRP), and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (c-f PWV) in a population-based cohort, and to also explore the effect of low-grade inflammation on the relationship between diabetes and c-f PWV. Method: The study consisted of participants from the Malmö Diet and Cancer study with data from baseline examinations (1991–1994) and follow-up examinations (2007–2012). Arterial stiffness was measured at follow-up by determining c-f PWV. After excluding participants with missing data, the total study population included 2338 subjects. General linear models were used to assess the relationship between baseline acute phase proteins and c-f PWV. Results: After adjusting for traditional risk factors the participants in the 4th quartile vs 1st quartile of alpha-1-antitrypsin (geometric mean: 10.32 m/s vs 10.04 m/s) (<0.05), C3 (10.35 m/s vs 10.06 m/s) (p<0.05) and CRP (10.37 m/s vs 9.96 m/s) (<0.001) showed significant association with c-f PWV. Diabetes at follow-up was also associated with high c-f PWV, however, this relationship was independent of low grade inflammation. Conclusion: Alpha-1-antitrypsin, C3 and CRP are associated with arterial stiffness. The results indicate that low grade inflammation is associated with arterial stiffness in addition to established cardiovascular risk factors.

Details

Authors
Organisations
External organisations
  • Skåne University Hospital
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0181718
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume12
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jul 1
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes