Advanced Findings in Inclined Negatively Buoyant Jet Experiments

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingPaper in conference proceeding


An experiment was performed to investigate the behavior of inclined negatively buoyant jets. Such jets arise when brine is discharged from desalination plants and improved knowledge of their behavior is required for designing discharge systems that cause a minimum of environmental impact on the receiving waters.

In the present experiment, a turbulent jet with a specific salinity was discharged through a circular nozzle at an angle to the horizontal into a tank with fresh water and the spatial evolution of the jet was recorded. In total, 72 experimental cases were carried out where four different initial jet parameters were changed, namely the nozzle diameter, the initial jet inclination, the jet density (or salinity), and the flow rate (or exit velocity).

The measurements of the jet evolution in the tank included five geometric quantities describing the jet trajectory that are useful in the design of brine discharge systems.


External organisations
  • External Organization - Unknown
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Water Engineering


  • Brine discharge, Environmental impacts, Desalination, Experimental Lab-scale, Negatively buoyant jet
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIDA-International Desalination Association
PublisherIDA-International Desalination Association
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Publication categoryResearch
Externally publishedYes
EventDesalination and Water Reuse 2013 / Tianjin, China - Tianjin, China
Duration: 2013 Oct 20 → …


ConferenceDesalination and Water Reuse 2013 / Tianjin, China
Period2013/10/20 → …