Alarm pheromones and chemical communication in nymphs of the Tropical Bed Bug Cimex hemipterus (Hemiptera: Cimicidae).

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The recent resurge of bed bug infestations (Cimex spp.; Cimicidae) and their resistance to commonly used pesticides calls for alternative methods of control. Pheromones play an important role in environmentally sustainable methods for the management of many pest insects and may therefore be applicable for the control of bed bugs. The tropical bed bug, Cimex hemipterus, is a temporary ectoparasite on humans and causes severe discomfort. Compared to the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius, little is known about the chemical signalling and pheromone-based behaviour of the tropical species. Here, we show that the antennal morphology and volatile emission of C. hemipterus closely resembles those of C. lectularius and we test their behavioural responses to conspecific odour emissions. Two major volatiles are emitted by male, female and nymph C. hemipterus under stress, (E)-2-hexenal and (E)-2-octenal. Notably, nymph emissions show contrasting ratios of these compounds to adults and are further characterized by the addition of 4-oxo-(E)-2-hexenal and 4-oxo-(E)-2-octenal. The discovery of this nymph pheromone in C. hemipterus is potentially the cause of a repellent effect observed in the bio-tests, where nymph odours induce a significantly stronger repellent reaction in conspecifics than adult odours. Our results suggest that pheromone-based pest control methods developed for C. lectularius could be applicable to C. hemipterus, with the unique nymph blend showing promising practical properties.

Details

Authors
  • H Christoph Liedtke
  • Kajsa Åbjörnsson
  • Vincent Harraca
  • Jette Knudsen
  • Erika A Wallin
  • Erik Hedenström
  • Camilla Ryne
Organisations
Research areas and keywords

Subject classification (UKÄ) – MANDATORY

  • Ecology
  • Biological Sciences
  • Zoology
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere18156
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes